Understanding Suicidal Ideation:
Suicidal Ideation Nov 17, 2023


In your journey through life, you might encounter overwhelming feelings, thoughts, and emotions. We need to recognize these feelings and process them to move forward. Seeking help and guidance from others can be a great way to cope with these feelings. At times, these emotions can become heavy. They lead to a state where you might find yourself struggling with thoughts of suicide. It is important to remember that you are not alone. Help and support are available; some people care about you and want to help. It is crucial to reach out for help if you are feeling overwhelmed. It’s essential to understand that you are not alone in this battle. 

Understanding Suicidal Ideation:

You might be wondering what it means when someone talks about “suicidal ideation.” Simply put, suicidal ideation refers to having thoughts about self-harm or cessation of your own life. These thoughts signal that someone is going through deep emotional pain. Mainly because life has become hard for it; it could be due to mental health struggles, past traumatic experiences, or feeling overwhelmed by stress.

Understanding Freud’s Theory of Mourning and Melancholia and its Connection to Suicidal Ideation

Sigmund Freud’s theory of mourning and melancholia, expounded in his 1917 paper “Mourning and Melancholia,” delves into the complexities of how individuals process and cope with loss. This theory provides insights into the emotional dynamics that can contribute to mental distress, including suicidal ideation.

Freud’s Theory of Mourning and Melancholia:

  1. Object Loss:

  • Central to Freud’s theory is “object loss,” where an object represents a person or thing that holds emotional significance in an individual’s life.
  • In mourning, the individual gradually detaches from the lost object, allowing for a healthy resolution of grief.
  • In melancholia, the person struggles to release the lost object, leading to more complex emotional distress.
  1. Internalization and Identification:

  • In melancholia, the individual tends to internalize the lost object, incorporating it into their sense of self.
  • This internalization can result in an identification with the lost object, making the distinction between self and others less clear.
  1. Self-Blame and Hopelessness:

  • Melancholic individuals often experience self-blame and feelings of worthlessness. The internalized object becomes a source of guilt and despair.
  • The inability to reconcile with the loss may lead to a sense of hopelessness as the person struggles to envision a future without the idealized object.
  1. Inability to Mourn:

  • Unlike mourning, where individuals can navigate the stages of grief and eventually move forward, melancholia involves a more protracted inability to mourn.
  • This inability stems from a resistance to fully acknowledging and letting go of the lost object.

Connection to Suicidal Ideation:

  1. Prolonged Emotional Pain:

  • Individuals trapped in a state of melancholia may experience prolonged and intense emotional pain associated with the loss.
  • The inability to resolve this pain through mourning may contribute to a heightened vulnerability to suicidal ideation.
  1. Identity Crisis and Despair:

  • The internalization of the lost object can lead to an identity crisis, where the individual’s sense of self is deeply entwined with the lost relationship.
  • Despair and hopelessness arising from this identity crisis may create a fertile ground for thoughts of self-harm or suicide as a perceived escape from the emotional turmoil.
  1. Unresolved Grief as a Precursor:

  • Freud’s theory suggests that unresolved grief can manifest in melancholia, potentially becoming a precursor to more severe mental health issues, including suicidal ideation.
  1. Lack of Clear Cause:

  • Melancholia often lacks an apparent external cause for intense emotional distress, making it challenging to address and resolve.
  • The ambiguity of the emotional pain may contribute to a sense of helplessness, further increasing the risk of suicidal thoughts.

Understanding Freud’s theory of mourning and melancholia provides a psychological framework for comprehending the intricate emotional processes that may contribute to suicidal ideation. Recognizing the signs of unresolved grief and the internalization of loss can inform interventions aimed at preventing and addressing suicidal thoughts, emphasizing the importance of timely and comprehensive mental health support.

Signs and Symptoms:

Detecting suicidal thoughts can be challenging, both for you and the people around you. Don’t hesitate to reach out – some people care and want to support you through this difficult time.

  1. Withdrawal and Isolation:

  • You might start withdrawing from social activities and isolating yourself from friends and family.
  • Spending excessive time alone and avoiding social interactions are common signs.
  1. Talking About Hopelessness:

  • You may frequently express hopelessness and despair, indicating that you’re struggling with your emotions.
  • Statements like “I can’t see a way out” or “I don’t want to live anymore” are red flags.
  1. Changes in Sleep Patterns:

  • Suicidal ideation can disrupt your sleep. You might experience insomnia, waking up frequently during the night, or, conversely, sleeping excessively.
  • Sudden changes in sleep habits, especially if accompanied by signs of distress, can indicate a problem.
  1. Loss of Interest:

  • Activities you once enjoyed may no longer bring you pleasure or interest.
  • Hobbies, work, or social engagements that used to be exciting might become burdensome or unimportant.
  1. Drastic Mood Swings:

  • Suicidal ideation often leads to intense mood swings, ranging from deep sadness to sudden bursts of anger or irritability.
  • Drastic and unexplained changes in mood, especially when accompanied by feelings of hopelessness, can cause concern.
  1. Giving Away Possessions:

  • Some individuals experiencing suicidal thoughts may start giving away their belongings as if preparing for an imminent departure.
  • This symbolic act might indicate a sense of finality and detachment from material possessions.
  1. Expressing Feeling Trapped:

  • You might feel trapped in your circumstances, unable to see a way out of your current situation.
  • Thoughts like “I can’t escape this” or “I’m stuck with no options” can indicate a sense of entrapment.
  1. Self-Harm Behaviors:

  • Engaging in self-harm, such as cutting or burning oneself, can be a manifestation of the emotional pain experienced.
  • These acts might be a way to cope with overwhelming feelings and can be indicative of underlying suicidal thoughts.
  1. Changes in Eating Habits:

  • Significant changes in appetite, leading to sudden weight loss or gain, can be a sign of emotional distress.
  • Suicidal ideation can affect eating habits, resulting in unhealthy changes in body weight.
  1. Lack of Interest in the Future:

  • A lack of interest in plans or aspirations is a concerning sign.
  • If you consistently can’t envision a future, seeking help is essential.
  1. Saying Goodbye:

  • Expressing unusual goodbyes to friends or family members, even if subtly, can indicate a person is contemplating suicide.
  • These goodbyes might be vague or indirect but can convey more profound meaning.

It’s crucial to take any of these signs seriously, whether in yourself or someone you care about. If you notice these signs, reaching out to a mental health professional or a supportive individual can make a significant difference in ensuring safety and providing the necessary help and support.

Risk Factors for Suicidal Ideation:

Understanding the factors that can contribute to suicidal ideation is crucial. Here are some key points to consider in simple and readable language:

  1. Mental Health Conditions:

    If you’re dealing with mental health issues like depression, anxiety, or bipolar disorder, it can make you more susceptible to suicidal thoughts. These conditions can create overwhelming emotions that are hard to cope with.


  2. Substance Abuse:

    The use of drugs or alcohol can cloud your judgment and intensify negative feelings. Substance abuse can make it difficult to see a way out of your problems, leading to thoughts of suicide.


  3. History of Trauma:

    If you have experienced traumatic events, such as abuse, loss, or violence, it can profoundly affect your mental well-being. Trauma can create emotional pain that may lead to thoughts of ending your life.


  4. Lack of Support System:

    Not having people around you who understand and support you can make you feel incredibly isolated. A robust support system, including friends, family, or support groups, can provide comfort and understanding during difficult times.


  5. Social Isolation:

    Feeling disconnected from others. It could be due to physical isolation, bullying, or a sense of not belonging, which can contribute to suicidal ideation. Human connection and belonging are fundamental for emotional well-being.

Recognizing these risk factors is the first step in understanding your situation. If you identify with any of these points, please reach out to someone you trust or a mental health professional. You don’t have to face these feelings alone; some people care and want to help.

Prevention and Intervention:

It’s important to know that asking for help is a brave thing to do. It shows your strength, not your weakness. There are caring people and organizations ready to listen and support you. You can talk to a mental health professional or a counselor. Or someone you trust, like a friend or family member. Some hotlines and helplines operate all day and night, offering a safe place to talk about your feelings.

Destigmatizing Mental Health:

Talking about how you feel might be challenging because of the way society sees mental health. But remember, reaching out for support is a courageous step towards feeling better. Let’s work together to change how people think about mental health. We can break down the barriers and make a world where everyone can talk kindly about mental health. You deserve understanding and support.

Support Systems:

  1. Friends and Family Care: Friends and family love you. Even if they don’t understand what you’re going through, they want to help and support you.
  2. Reach Out: Don’t hesitate to talk to them. Share your feelings and let them be there for you. Sometimes, having someone to listen to can make a huge difference in how you feel.

Seeking Professional Help:

  1. Mental Health Professionals: Consider talking to a mental health professional, someone who is trained to help people deal with difficult emotions. They have the knowledge and expertise to guide you through these challenges.
  2. Tailored Support: These professionals can provide therapeutic approaches and coping strategies for your needs. They create a safe and understanding environment where you can express your feelings without judgment.

Self-Care and Coping Strategies:

  1. Be Kind to Yourself: Remember to be gentle with yourself during these challenging times. Treat yourself with the same kindness you would offer to a dear friend.
  2. Engage in Activities: Find activities that bring peace and happiness. It could be spending time in nature, practicing mindfulness exercises, or indulging in creative pursuits like drawing, writing, or listening to music.
  3. Small Acts of Self-Care: Even small acts of self-care, like taking a warm bath and enjoying your favorite meal. Simply resting can make a significant difference. These little gestures can positively impact your overall well-being. It can help you navigate through difficult moments.

Remember, it’s okay to seek help and take time for yourself. You deserve care and support as you work through your emotions.


Knowing that hope and help await you is essential to feeling better. You deserve a life full of love, happiness, and satisfaction. Don’t be afraid to reach out to others, talk about your feelings, and take that courageous step toward a happier future. Always remember you are precious, and your well-being matters. You’re not on this journey alone—some people genuinely care about you. Don’t hesitate to lean on them for support. Together, you can find the strength to face whatever challenges come your way. You are valued, and brighter days are ahead.

“No matter what happens, or how bad it seems today, life does go on, and it will be better tomorrow.” — Maya Angelou
About author

Karuna Kaul is psycho socio clinical psychologist, who works with all age group people. Her profession motivates her to serve people who are facing behavioral issues. She has over 8 years of experience and has successfully established credibility in the areas of counselling and wellness. Assessment and behavioral analysis and training and coaching. She has been an active advocate of mental health awareness. And all her endeavors in the field are primarily focused on educating more and more people about Mental Health concerns and promoting Holistic Wellbeing. She has done master in clinical psychology PG Diploma in counselling and guidance and certified in drug addiction counselling Also she has done neuro medicine psychology from London University, Kent College of United Kingdom. With an experience of six years, she had worked with various organization which provides mental health services.